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Bird name:

Golden Plover

Pluvialis apricaria

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Plovers (Charadriidae)

BTO 2

GP

BTO 5

GOLPL

Euring 5

04850
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Golden Plover breeds in northern parts of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, and winters throughout. It has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Golden Plover: A pigeon-sized shorebird with golden-brown upperparts mottled with black and white. Black on the face, throat, breast, and belly bordered by white. Also has white on vent and underwings,black flight feathers with white markings, and black bill. Fast, direct flight.


Range and Habitat

Golden Plover: Summer breeder and winter visitor. Breeding areas include the Highlands of Scotland, the Western and Northern Isles, northern England, Northern Ireland, and Wales. In winter they move to lowland areas across England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland; found on moors, meadows and fields.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"toee", "tlui"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A question about the flight speed of Golden Plover, now known to be up to 60mph, during a shooting party in Wexford, Ireland prompted Sir Hugh Beaver to found the Guiness Book of Records in 1955.
  • Appoximately 500,000 birds winter in Ireland and Great Britain.
  • In the 19th century it disappeared as a breeding bird in Poland; the breeding population in Central Europe was a relic of the last ice age.
  • A group of plovers has many collective nouns, including a "brace", "congregation", "deceit", "ponderance", and "wing" of plovers.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

David Wenzel

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX