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Bird name:

Roseate Tern

Sterna dougallii

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Terns (Sternidae)

BTO 2

RS

BTO 5

ROSTE

Euring 5

06140
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Roseate Tern is a rare summer resident in some coastal areas of Ireland, Wales, eastern England, and southern Scotland. It has a "Red" status because of historic declines and small, localised populations.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Roseate Tern: Small, pale waterbird with a black cap and pointed black bill with a red base. Back and wings pale grey and white with dark grey and black on leading edge of primaries. Underparts white with pale pink coloration on breast. Long, forked tail white. Orange legs and feet. Elegant flight.


Range and Habitat

Roseate Tern: Rare summer breeder in the UK & Ireland. Birds can be seen from late spring through summer. Breeding grounds are found in a few colonies on the east coasts of England and Scotland, coastal Wales, and in Ireland. Birds spend the winter at sea.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chi-wee", "keer", "zra-ap", "zhrrraaaaach"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Roseate Tern is less defensive of its nest and young than other terns. It often relies on Arctic and Common Terns in the surrounding colony for defense.
  • Breeding colonies in the Caribbean are vulnerable to egg collectors, who seek the eggs of this species because of supposed aphrodisiac properties.
  • It sometimes steals fish from other seabirds. This increases their food collecting ability during bad weather when fish swim deeper, out of reach of the terns, but still within reach of the deeper-diving Puffins.
  • A group of terns are collectively known as a "U" or a "ternery" of terns.

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

John Schwarz

Artist

David Wenzel

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX