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Bird name:

Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Warblers (Sylviidae)

BTO 2

CC

BTO 5

CHIFF

Euring 5

13110
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Chiffchaff is a common resident species of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Chiffchaff: Small leaf warbler with brown-green upperparts, off-white underparts, and dull yellow flanks. Face has a brown eyeline and an off-white eyebrow. Bill, legs and feet are dark grey. One of the first migrant songbirds to return each spring. Very territorial during breeding season.


Range and Habitat

Chiffchaff: Occurs mostly in the summer, widespread in Britain and Ireland, less common in northern Scotland and upland areas. Found mainly in deciduous forests, thickets, and copses where there is thick undergrowth. Most British birds winter in the Mediterranean or West Africa. Breeds from Sweden to Spain and east to Bulgaria.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"zilp zalp", "huiit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Chiffchaff gets its common name in several languages from the sound of its song. In Germany it is called the Zilpzalp and in Wales the Siff-Saff.
  • Its generic name means leaf explorer, which describes its eating habits. Its species name comes from the word for money changer, and may be a reference to its song sounding like the jingling of coins.
  • Its been estimated that they eat one-third of their weight in insects daily. In the fall they feed almost constantly to store extra fat before their long migration flight.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

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Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX