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Bird name:

Crested Tit

Lophophanes cristatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice (Paridae)

BTO 2

CI

BTO 5

CRETI

Euring 5

14540
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Crested Tit is a local but common resident in the Scottish highlands. It has a "Green" status because of its stable population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Crested Tit: Small, active bird with a prominent black and white crest. Back, wings and tail are brown, underparts are light buff. Large head is grey and white with a black eyeline, bib, thin collar. Bill is black, legs and feet are grey-olive. Undulating flight, alternates flaps and short glides.


Range and Habitat

Crested Tit: Resident in old Caledonian pine forests and in mature pine plantations of Scotland. May be seen in alder, birch, and rowan in the winter. Prefers stands of old Scots pine forest when breeding. Breeds from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean and east to the Balkans.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"see, see, see"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Crested Tit stores food for later use, pine seeds in the spring, and moth larvae in the fall.
  • The population density in ancient pine forests is about 10 times greater than in pine plantations. The lichens on old trees may be one reason for this. They are fed upon by insects which are in turn prey for the birds.
  • Their distinctive crest gives them both their scientific and common names.
  • A group of tits are collectively known as a "banditry" and "dissimulation" of tits.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX