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Bird name:

Nightjar

Caprimulgus europaeus

Order

CAPRIMULGIFORMES

Family

Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

BTO 2

NJ

BTO 5

NIJAR

Euring 5

07780
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Nightjar is an uncommon summer resident at various sites in England, Wales, and western Scotland. It has an "Amber" status because of recent declines in its population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Nightjar: Blackbird sized night bird with grey and dark brown upperparts streaked black and pale brown. Grey tail barred black, white in outer tail feathers. Face and underparts red-brown with fine, black barring, two white markings on face. Brown and black barred wings with white near tips.


Range and Habitat

Nightjar: Summer breeder in Britain. Grounds include England, Wales, and southwestern Scotland. Visible spring to autumn. Winters in west and east Africa. Birds prefer open country and may be found on heathland, moorland, and in woodland clearings.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"churrrrr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Nightjars have been referred to as goatsuckers due to the mistaken belief that they can suck milk from goats.
  • In North America, these birds are known as Night Hawks.
  • Some species undergo a form of hibernation: they become torpid and have a much-reduced body temperature for a period of weeks or months.
  • A group of nightjars are collectively known as a "kettle" of nightjars.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
GapeX
Also called commissure, it is the hinge where the mandibles meet.
Rictal bristlesX
The short and stiff feathers near the bill.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX