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Bird name:

Twite

Carduelis flavirostris

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Finches (Fringillidae)

BTO 2

TW

BTO 5

TWITE

Euring 5

16620
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Twite breeds in some areas of Scotland, Ireland, and northern England, and winters in some coastal areas of the region. It has a "Red" status because of recent declines in its population combined with a small breeding range.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Twite: Small, Robin-sized finch. Tawny head with dark brown streaks on crown, nape, and cheeks. Unmarked tawny around eye and on throat. Black line through eye. Thick, dark brown streaks on pale brown back and white underparts. Brown-pink rump. White edging in dark brown wings and tail.


Range and Habitat

Twite: Summer breeder and winter visitor to the UK & Ireland. Birds can be seen all year. Breeding birds are found on upland moors in Scotland and the Pennines. In winter, birds shift to Wales, and the east coast of England. Breeding birds prefer moorlands, wintering birds are found at coastal wetlands.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"tweee", "chweee", "chwaiie"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Twite looks much like a juvenile Linnet, as it has the same white panels in the wing and tail.
  • Outside breeding season, this species forms large flocks, sometimes mixed with other finches on coasts and salt marshes.
  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.

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BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX