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Bird name:

Water Pipit

Anthus spinoletta

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wagtails and Pipits (Motacillidae)

BTO 2

WI

BTO 5

WATPI

Euring 5

10141
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Water Pipit winters in southern England. It has an "Amber" status because of recent declines in a small wintering population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Water Pipit: Small, sparrow-sized bird. Grey head with white eyebrow, black lores, and white throat. Pink buff breast, white belly and vent. Dark grey tail with white sides and faintly streaked brown back. Brown wings with two white wing bars. Faint, grey streaks on flanks and sides of breast.


Range and Habitat

Water Pipit: Winter visitor to England. Birds can be seen from mid-autumn through mid-spring when they are away from Alpine breeding grounds in Europe. Most likely to be found in south and southeastern areas of England. Birds prefer grasslands near bodies of water, such as coastal meadows.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"zru-zru-zru-zru-zru-zre-zre-zre-zre-zre-zre-zre-sui-sui-sui-sui-zre-zre", "weest", "peezip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Water Pipit is less approachable than the Rock Pipit. It rises high and quickly leaves when approached.
  • This is an undistinguished looking species, like most pipits.
  • A group of pipits are collectively known as a "flock" of pipits.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX