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Bird name:

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia

Order

CICONIIFORMES

Family

Storks (Ciconiidae)

BTO 2

OR

BTO 5

WHIST

Euring 5

01340
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Not Assessed

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the White Stork is a rare visitor with around 20 records per year on average. The conservation status for this species is "not assessed' in the UK because it occurs rare migrant, and is not globally threatened.

SUMMARY

Overview

White Stork: Large bird with large, red bill. Mostly white and pale grey with a short black line through the eye and black flight feathers. The legs and feet are red-pink. It slowly flaps and soars on strong, long, broad wings.


Range and Habitat

White Stork: Rare visitor to the UK, where an average of twenty may be spotted during spring or autumn migration. Birds breed in parts of Europe north to Finland, northwestern Africa, and southwest Asia then migrate to Sub-Saharan Africa. This species is most likely to be seen on grassland, or farmland near towns or villages.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

Generally silent, except for loud bill clapping displays on the nest.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Because it is viewed as bird of good luck, the White Stork is not persecuted, and often nests close to human habitation. The only nesting attempt in Britain was on St Giles Cathedral in the heart of Edinburgh's Old Town in 1416.
  • Arriving in Europe in large numbers in spring, they are widely regarded in Europe as a fertility symbol. Poles, Lithuanians and Ukrainians believe that storks bring harmony to a family on whose property they nest.
  • Some years ago the population of this "iconic emblem of Alsace" had fallen to fewer than nine pairs in the Rhine River Valley, an area identified with the White Stork for centuries. Conservation efforts have increased the population to 270 pairs.
  • A group of storks has many collective nouns, including a "clatter", "filth", "muster", "phalanx", and "swoop" of storks.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX