Newell's Shearwater

Pufinis newelli

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

NESH

Code 6

PUFANE

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered

The Newell's Shearwater is a small seabird that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Historically, it bred at all elevations on most of the Hawaiian Island but breeding in modern times is mostly confined to steep wooded slopes on Kauai although small colonies also occur on Molokai, Hawaii, and Maui. It forages for squid and small fish in pelagic waters by diving and swimming below the surface to depths of 30 feet. The Newell's Shearwater is threatened by collisions with towers and power lines, habitat degradation by pigs and sheep, and depredation by such introduced predators as feral cats, rats and the Small Asian Mongoose. This species has a population estimate of 80,000 individuals and is considered Endangered by the IUCN.

SUMMARY

Overview

Newell's Shearwater: This small shearwater has mostly black upperparts, black lower neck side, white underparts, and a small white-gray mark below the eye. It has a medium length, slender, black-gray bill with a small hook on the tip and a medium length rounded tail. Feeds on squid and small fish. Flies with quick wing beats alternated with short glides on long wings with slightly rounded tips.

 

Range and Habitat

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Newell's Shearwater SONGS AND CALLS

Newell's Shearwater D1

Braying call made as birds return to their nesting colony at night.

Newell's Shearwater D2

Sounds on nesting grounds resemble a braying donkey.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Rrrraaaawww"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of petrels are collectively known as a "gallon" and a "tank" of petrels.
  • The AOU still considers the Newell's Shearwater to be a subspecies of the Townsend's Shearwater (Puffinus auricularis) while other organizations give it species ranking.
  • The Newell's Shearwater is known as the "ao" in the Hawaiian language.
  • This species was believed to have gone extinct in 1908 but was rediscovered on Kauai in 1947.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X