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Bird name:

Willow Tit

Poecile montanus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice (Paridae)

BTO 2

WT

BTO 5

WILTI

Euring 5

14420
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Willow Tit is resident in England and southern Scotland. It has a "Red" status because of recent, sharp declines in its population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Willow Tit: Small bird with brown back, wings and tail and buff-coloured underparts. Head had large white cheek patches, a sooty black cap that extends into the nape, and a black bib. Bill is black, legs and feet are dark grey. Secondaries are edged in pale buff, forming a light patch on the wing.


Range and Habitat

Willow Tit: Resident throughout Wales, England, and southern Scotland. More common in the centre of England and Wales. Most remain in their breeding territories year-round. Lives in mixed and coniferous woodlands and northern birch forests. Also found in damp woods, close to rivers and streams.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"tsyu-tsyu-tsyu", "du-duu-duu duu", "tchar-tchar-tchar", "tsi-tsi-chay-chay", " zi-zi-zeerr-zeerr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Willow Tit was not recognized as a different species than the Marsh Tit until the end of the 19th century. Song is the best way to tell the two species apart.
  • Competition from other tits and changes in woodland management may be a factor in their declining population.
  • It was featured in Gilbert and Sullivan's 1885 operetta, The Mikado, in the song "Willow Tit Willow". Sam the Eagle and Rowlf the Dog performed it in the first season of The Muppet Show.
  • A group of tits are collectively known as a "banditry" and "dissimulation" of tits.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
SecondariesX
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX