Puaiohi

Myadestes palmeri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

PUAI

Code 6

MYAPAL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Green-blue with red-brown markings.



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Cliff ledge along forested ravine.



Nest Material:

Moss and lichen



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Puaiohi: Small thrush found on the island of Kauai. Have brown-gray upperparts, white eye ring, black malar stripe and gray underparts with white on throat, belly and vent. The side of the head is paler with white stippled lores and ear coverts; white to buff outer rectrices; black slender bill; pink legs and feet and a rather short rounded tail. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is spotted white-buff above and on wing coverts; gray-brown scallops below.

Foraging and Feeding

Puaiohi: They are predominantly frugivorous. Their diet includes fleshy native fruits, insects, snails and other invertebrates. Typically they perch on a small branch near the terminal fruit cluster, often stretching to reach the fruit, picking and swallowing one berry after another. They eat several berries before moving to another fruit cluster.

Vocalization

Puaiohi: Male's song is a series of unvarying phrases; short sneezy bursts of high pitched, squeaky hissing notes, "puaiohi” given at low intensity when not breeding. Whisper song is a low intensity version. Calls include a repeated short raspy hiss and a low throaty growl, in alarm.

Similar Species

Puaiohi: The Akikiki doesn't have an eyering, has a pale bill, and creeps along branches. The Omao has more uniform underparts and doesn't occur on Kauai.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Malar stripeX
Also called whisker, mustache or malar streak, it is the area below the eye and bill on the sides of the chin that stretches downwards.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X