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Bird name:

Linnet

Carduelis cannabina

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Finches (Fringillidae)

BTO 2

LI

BTO 5

LINNE

Euring 5

16600
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Linnet is resident in much of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. However, it has a "Red" status because of large historical and recent population declines.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Linnet: Small finch, upperparts are chestnut-brown and underparts are white with buff-brown flanks. Head is grey, throat is buff-white, forehead and breast are red. Flight feathers have white edges. Bill is grey, legs and feet are pink-brown. Undulating flight, alternates flapping with short glides.


Range and Habitat

Linnet: Resident in the UK and Ireland except for highland areas. Some birds migrate to France and Spain while birds from northern Europe arrive for the winter. Nests in scrub, bushes, hedgerows, gardens and gorse-covered commons. Also found in coastal marshes, stubble fields, heaths and farmland.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chi-chi-chi"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Linnet was popular as a caged bird in the 19th century owing to its pleasant song.
  • Its scientific name comes from its liking of hemp, and its English name from its appetite for flax seeds, the plant linen is made from.
  • Modern farming practices and herbicides have contributed to a dramatic decline since the 1970s.
  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.

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TERMINOLOGY

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HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX