Palau Megapode

Megapodius laperouse senex

Order

GALLIOFORMES

Family

Megapodes (Megapodiidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

MEGLAP

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

1



Incubation Days:

60



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Nest is laid at the base of a large dead tree, deep in the forest.



Nest Material:

Decaying vegetable matter and sand.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Palau Megapode: Medium-sized, brown-black megapode with a small, pointed crest, gray crown and nape, and small patch of bare red skin on throat. Short, broad wings. Rather short, yellow bill. Very short tail. Strong, medium-length yellow legs and feet with some black-gray on the feet. Feeds on a variety of insects and other small terrestrial creatures, seeds, fallen fruit, and vegetable matter. Forages by walking along and scratching in the leaf litter and then picking food off the ground.

Breeding and Nesting

Palau Megapode: One large white egg is laid in large mound of decaying vegetable matter and sand. The female burrows into the mound to lay the egg and may lay 10 over the course of a year. The egg is incubated by the heat generated by the mound and hatches after 60 days. The male takes care of the mound to regulate the heat. Nesting grounds are often located on the same beaches that sea turtles use for nesting. These low-lying coastal nesting grounds are under threat of inundation from rising sea levels due to climate change.

Foraging and Feeding

Palau Megapode: Feeds on a wide variety of insects and other small terrestrial creatures, and seeds, fruit, and other vegetable matter. It forages by walking on the ground and using its strong feet to scratch in the litter. When a food item is seen, it reaches down to grab it from the ground with its bill.

Vocalization

Palau Megapode: Typical call is a loud "skeek". Male contact or duet call is a series of "keek" notes, female answers with a low "kukuku-kuk-kuk" that builds to a loud "KUCK".

Similar Species

Female Red Junglefowl is larger, has a gray bill and legs, a large tail, and has no gray crest.

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CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X