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Bird name:

Pochard

Aythya ferina

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)

BTO 2

PO

BTO 5

POCHA

Euring 5

01980
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Pochard is a resident and wintering species in much of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Red" status because of recent population declines, and because it is considered Vulnerble.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Pochard: Stocky, diving duck with dark red-brown head. Has red eye, dark grey bill with pale grey band, and black breast and upper back. The rest of the back is grey as is the belly. Wings are grey with dark grey trailing edge on primaries. Rump, tail, and vent are black.


Range and Habitat

Pochard: Winter visitor and resident breeder in the UK & Ireland. Birds can be seen all year-round. Breeding areas are found across England, in central Ireland, and on Scotland's east coast. Birds winter on the north and Cornish coasts of England, in coastal Wales, and in Scotland. Found on lakes and estuaries.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"mew-mew", whee-ough", "keyair", "rrrrrrrr", "squak"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Pochard is one of three species of diving ducks in the genus Aytha.
  • A gregarious bird, it forms large flocks in winter, often mixed with other diving ducks, such as the Tufted Duck, with which they are known to hybridise.
  • A group of pochards are collectively known as a "bunch", "knob", or "rush" of pochards.

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

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Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX