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Bird name:

Common Rosefinch

Carpodacus erythrinus




Finches (Fringillidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Bushes, shrubs, and thickets, Scrub vegetation areas

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Smooth, glossy and blue with irregular small black to purplish spots concentrating on the large end.

Number of Eggs:

4 - 5

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Cup made of stems and grass; lined with hair and rootlets.

Nest Location:

In shrubs or small trees.




Common Rosefinch: Sparrow-sized finch with dull red on head, breast, and rump. Dark brown back, wings, and tail with dull black streaks. Wings have light brown wing bars. Thick, dark brown streak through eye, dark grey bill, and white belly and vent. Has undulating flight. Often in flocks. Female lacks red and is brown above, has two, light brown wingbars, and white below with light brown streaking. Juvenile plumage like female but is more olive-brown.

Range and Habitat

Common Rosefinch: Rare migrant visitor to UK, has bred successfully in the Scottish Highlands and eastern England. Breeds in central Europe and Asia, winters in India, mainland Southeast Asia, and southeastern China. Occasionally seen in the Shetland and Orkney Islands and along the east coast of Scotland and England. Best viewed in spring and autumn. Prefers woodland and farmland.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Rosefinch: Male escorts female as she builds nest in dense bush or tree, 0.5-4 m above ground or rarely on the ground; generally well hidden. Untidy nest is built of thin twigs, dry grass, and stalks, lined with fine grasses, rootlets, moss and often hair. Female incubates; both parents feed.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Rosefinch: Forages on ground and in trees and shrubs for seeds and insects. Also eats buds and other plant material, and small invertebrates.


Common Rosefinch: Song is a flutelike "chEEro-VEEcheeo," with emphasis on second and fourth notes. Call is a gentle "djnee" or piping "twee-eek."

Similar Species

Common Rosefinch: The Corn Bunting is larger and more stout, and has more pronounced streaking below and lighter legs. Linnet may be confused with the female or 1st year male, it is slimmer and lacks the wing bars of the Common Rosefinch.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX