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Bird name:

Sardinian Warbler

Sylvia melanocephala




Old World Warblers (Sylviidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Bushes, Trees

Breeding Type:

Monogamous, Solitary nester

Egg Colour:

White with fine brown and grey streaks.

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

12 - 15

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Material:


Nest Location:

In a short tree or bush.


Some migrate


Sardinian Warbler: Small to medium grey warbler, black head, white throat, and red eye ring. White on belly, vent, and outer tail feathers, rest of tail black-grey. Thin, black-grey bill, blue-grey on base of bill. Medium-length, yellow-brown legs. Female brown instead of grey, grey instead of black head, and orange eye ring. Forages for a variety of insects, spiders, small snails, and berries by picking food off of vegetation with its bill.

Range and Habitat

Sardinian Warbler: A very rare vagrant to the UK & Ireland with just one record per year on average. This species has occurred in all regions of the UK except for the English Midlands, and may occur most often during spring migration. It prefers scrubby habitats.

Breeding and Nesting

Sardinian Warbler: Three to five buff-white eggs with brown speckles are laid in a cup nest constructed with grass. The nest is built in a bush or low tree, .5 metres above the ground. Both sexes incubate the eggs for 12 to 13 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Sardinian Warbler: This warbler feeds on a variety of insects, spiders, small snails, and, during the winter, berries. It forages by actively moving through low vegetation and picking food items off of leaves and stems with its bill.


Sardinian Warbler: Song includes, whistles, chatter, and "trrr" call notes. Call is a "t-tra, t-tra", may be interspersed with rattling "tr-tr-tr" notes.

Similar Species

Sardinian Warbler: Similar species lack red orbital ring.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX