Visual Search | Wizard | Browse
Bird name:

Dotterel

Charadrius morinellus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Plovers (Charadriidae)

BTO 2

DO

BTO 5

DOTTE

Euring 5

04820
iBird Ad

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2013 Whatbird.com

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Dotterel breeds in a small area of Scotland, and is a passage migrant elsewhere. It has a "Red" status because of declines in its small, localised population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Dotterel: Size of a small partridge with dove-like head, short, slender bill, and fairly long, yellow legs. Upperparts and neck grey, underparts red-brown with black on the belly, white bar on breast, and white vent. White throat, cheeks, and eyebrow. Crown black. Flight fast and direct.


Range and Habitat

Dotterel: Migrant visitor and summer breeder. Breeding grounds are restricted to the highest elevations in Scotland. May occur in Ireland during migration. In spring the birds use traditional stopping places in easternmost England on return from their Mediterranean winter home. Habitat includes both gravel and mudflats.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"pweet-pweet-pweet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Dotterels obtain their diet of insects and small invertebrates by using a run-and-pause technique, rather than the probing used by other wader groups.
  • A consequence of the friendly and trusting nature of this bird is that the name "dotterel" now carries a negative connotation.
  • This medium-sized member of the plover family is unusual in that the adult female is brighter than the male–an indication of their role-reversal in raising the young.
  • A group of dotterels are collectively know as a "trip" of dotterels.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

Read more...
ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Read more...
Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX