Spotted Redshank: Medium-sized wader with long, thin, red-based black bill. Black head, grey eye ring, black breast and belly with grey on flanks. Black barred tail. White spots on black and dark grey back and wings. Legs red to black. Sexes similar. Winter adults grey above, white below, pale grey breast, white eyebrow, and black line through eye. Red legs and feet. Juvenile has orange legs, dark grey-brown above with pale brown spots, grey-brown below with dark grey barring. Dark brown streaks on grey-brown head and neck.
Range and Habitat
Spotted Redshank: Scarce winter and migrant visitor to the UK. Birds appear on passage in late summer, some birds stay all winter and through spring. Can be found at most English coastlines except the northwest and northeast. Rarely north of Yorkshire. Birds can be seen on estuaries and mudflats.
Breeding and Nesting
Spotted Redshank: Monogamous. Breeds near rivers, marshes, or bogs in boreal forests. Nest is a depression in grass or moss, often near a tree or other lookout. Both parents build nest and incubate eggs. Male is primarily responsible for incubation and care of young. One brood per season.
Foraging and Feeding
Spotted Redshank: Feeds on insects and their larvae, shrimp and worms. It wades in water, swims and will up-end like a duck. Feeding on spiders, centipedes and other invertebrates it will also eat leaves of duckweed and small seeds in the autumn.
Spotted Redshank: Very noisy; call is a harsh "chueet, chueet."
Spotted Redshank: Redshank is slightly smaller, has a shorter bill, and has a darker grey neck in winter plumage. Greenshank is slightly larger, has green legs and a slightly upturned bill.