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Bird name:

Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus




Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Tundra, Marshes, Bogs, Arctic regions

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Smooth, slightly glossy and olive with brown blotches.

Number of Eggs:


Incubation Days:

20 - 23

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Material:

Scrape lined with dried leaves and feathers.

Nest Location:

On ground near objects like a rock, plant or fallen branch.




Spotted Redshank: Medium-sized wader with long, thin, red-based black bill. Black head, grey eye ring, black breast and belly with grey on flanks. Black barred tail. White spots on black and dark grey back and wings. Legs red to black. Sexes similar. Winter adults grey above, white below, pale grey breast, white eyebrow, and black line through eye. Red legs and feet. Juvenile has orange legs, dark grey-brown above with pale brown spots, grey-brown below with dark grey barring. Dark brown streaks on grey-brown head and neck.

Range and Habitat

Spotted Redshank: Scarce winter and migrant visitor to the UK & Ireland. Birds appear on passage in late summer, some birds stay all winter and through spring. Can be found along most English coastlines. Rarely north of Yorkshire. Birds can be seen on estuaries and mudflats.

Breeding and Nesting

Spotted Redshank: Monogamous. Breeds near rivers, marshes, or bogs in boreal forests. Nest is a depression in grass or moss, often near a tree or other lookout. Both parents build nest and incubate eggs. Male is primarily responsible for incubation and care of young. One brood per season.

Foraging and Feeding

Spotted Redshank: Feeds on insects and their larvae, shrimp and worms. It wades in water, swims and will up-end like a duck. Feeding on spiders, centipedes and other invertebrates it will also eat leaves of duckweed and small seeds in the autumn.


Spotted Redshank: Very noisy; call is a harsh "chueet, chueet."

Similar Species

Spotted Redshank: Redshank is slightly smaller, has a shorter bill, and has a darker grey neck in winter plumage. Greenshank is slightly larger, has green legs and a slightly upturned bill.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX