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Bird name:

Lapland Bunting

Calcarius lapponicus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Buntings (Emberizidae)

BTO 2

LA

BTO 5

LAPBU

Euring 5

18470
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Not a species of Concern

Conservation Description


The Lapland Bunting has a large range that includes breeding grounds in the mountains and northern region of Scandinavia, northern Russia, and northern North America. It winters in parts of northern Europe, central and eastern Asia, and North America. During the breeding season, this bunting prefers tundra, large bogs with some small trees, and moors. In winter, it uses large meadows, open, coastal areas, grasslands, and large cultivated areas. The Lapland Bunting is believed to have a population large enough to not warrant its inclusion on the IUCN Red List and is therefore evaluated as Least Concern.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Lapland Bunting: Sparrow-sized. Black head with red-brown nape and white eyebrow and line on side of head. Black upper breast and sides, rest of underparts white. Outer tail feathers also white. Back dark brown with black and white streaking, wings black and dark brown with two white wing bars.


Range and Habitat

Lapland Bunting: Winter visitor and scarce breeder in Britain. Birds are found along east coasts of Scotland and England. Though birds can be seen from autumn through late spring, highest concentrations are visible during the winter months. Can be found in coastal wetlands and wet grasslands.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"tee-lee-oo", "tee-dle"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Lapland Bunting is known as the Lapland Longspur in North America. 'Longspur' refers to the elongated claw of the hind toe.
  • It breeds in the high arctic with continual daylight during the summer, and a breeding male may sing at any hour of the day. Despite the lack of a real dawn, the male tends to sing most in the early morning.
  • Some winter flocks have been estimated as large as four million birds.
  • A group of buntings has many collective nouns, including a "decoration", "mural", and "sacrifice" of buntings.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP

Range Map for Lapland Bunting

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX