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Bird name:

Manx Shearwater

Puffinus puffinus

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

BTO 2

MX

BTO 5

MANSH

Euring 5

00460
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Manx Shearwater is a summer resident of coastal areas and islands in Ireland, the Isle of Man, Scotland, and western England. It has an "Amber" status because of recent population declines.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Manx Shearwater: Seabird about size of Common Tern. Dark, brown-grey upperparts and white underparts. Has grey eye ring and slender, dark grey bill. Dark coloration extends onto side of neck. Underwing white with black trailing edge to wing. Flies with rapid wingbeats followed by gliding.


Range and Habitat

Manx Shearwater: Summer breeder at coastlines and offshore islands in the UK and Ireland. Grounds include Western and Northern Isles, coasts of northwest Scotland, Wales, east and west Ireland and the Isle of Man. Visible during the summer and on spring and autumn passage. Winters in coastal South America.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

Generally silent, makes a variety of howls, coos, and screams on its nest.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Manx Shearwater got its common name because at one time it bred on the Calf of Man, a small island just south of the Isle of Man between Ireland and Great Britain.
  • Despite the scientific name, this species is completely unrelated to the puffins, the only resemblance being that they are both burrow-nesting seabirds.
  • They are very long-lived. A bird breeding on Copeland Island on 2003 was banded as an adult (at least 5 years old) in July 1953; it was retrapped in July 2003, making it at least 55 years old.
  • A group of shearwaters are collectively known as an "improbability" of shearwaters.

RELATED BIRDS

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX