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Bird name:


Anas clypeata




Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Marshes, Wetlands

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Smooth and creamy or pale olive.

Number of Eggs:

9 - 12

Incubation Days:

22 - 28

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Shallow depression lined with dry grasses, down and feathers.

Nest Location:

On fairly open ground near water.


Most migrate


Shoveler: Duck with long, broad bill. Dark green-black head, underparts white on breast, chestnut-brown on belly, black on vent. Back dark brown and white. Black rump and black and white tail. Wings white and dark grey with grey-blue shoulder patch. Adult female has grey and orange-yellow bill, brown-grey crown and lores, and is tawny brown with dark grey streaks and mottling. Grey shoulder patch in wings. Eclipse male like female but black-grey and white head, more red-brown flanks, and paler breast. Juvenile like female but darker brown.

Range and Habitat

Shoveler: Resident breeder and winter visitor in the UK & Ireland. Birds can be seen all year. Breeding birds are found across England, central Ireland, and in southern areas of lowland Scotland and Wales. In winter birds move south and are replaced by birds from the continent. Habitat includes marshes and reedbeds.

Breeding and Nesting

Shoveler: Solitary nesting or loose groups. Strong seasonal pair-bond. Nest is constructed by female on open ground near water. Nest, which may be concealed in grasses, is built of grass and lined with female's down. Female incubates eggs and leads ducklings away from nest as soon as they hatch.

Foraging and Feeding

Shoveler: A surface feeing duck with large spatulate bills, found along the coast as well as lakes, estuaries, and other inland water bodies. The winter diet consist mainly of seeds, and the summer diet will include insects.


Shoveler: Low croak, cluck, or quack; guttural "hoo, hoo, hoo" or "took, took, took."

Similar Species

Shoveler: It has a very distinctive wide, heavy bill which easily separates it from related ducks. Shelduck is larger, with a smaller orange bill and white, not chestnut, flanks.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX