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Bird name:


Regulus ignicapilla




Old World Warblers (Sylviidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Forests, Woodlands, coniferous

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Smooth and white or tinted pink with purplish-brown spots concentrated on the large end.

Number of Eggs:

7 - 12

Incubation Days:

14 - 17

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Thick pendant cup made of twigs, moss, spider webs feathers, hair.

Nest Location:

In twigs or leaves at end of branch of a deciduous tree, or in vine.


Most migrate


Firecrest: Very small and active. Olive-grey above with green-yellow edging in wings and tail, and buff-white below. Head has red-yellow crown stripe with black border, broad white eyebrow, black line through eye, white crescent below eye, and short, black malar stripe. Two white wing bars. Bit of dark grey on face and short, thin, black bill. Female like male but with yellow instead of red-yellow crown stripe. Juvenile similar to adults but has grey on crown instead of bold black, yellow, and red pattern, and has yellow bill.

Range and Habitat

Firecrest: Winter and migrant visitor recently established as a resident breeder. Can be seen year round in the southeastern most area of England. Winter grounds include the entire south of England. Some birds also seen on passage throughout England. Rare breeder in Wales. Scarce visitor to Scotland and Ireland. Found in coniferous and mixed forest areas.

Breeding and Nesting

Firecrest: Nearly spherical nest with small entrance at top is typically suspended near the end of a conifer branch. Oak and climbing plants also used. Constructed in three layers: outer layer of twigs, moss and adhesive spider webs; middle layer of moss; lining of hair and many feathers.

Foraging and Feeding

Firecrest: Feeds mostly on plant material. Also eats insects and spiders.


Firecrest: High pitched "zi-zi-zi-zi zi-zi-zi-zizizit "that accelerates as it continues. Call is a "ze-ze-zeep" or simply a single "zeep."

Similar Species

Firecrest: Coloration is very similar to the Goldcrest, which has a wider yellow crown stripe and lacks the black eye stripe and white eyebrow of the Firecrest. The rest of the birds in this family lack the distinctive red-to-orange crowns, and so are unlikely to cause confusion.

The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Malar stripeX
Also called whisker, mustache or malar streak, it is the area below the eye and bill on the sides of the chin that stretches downwards.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX