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Bird name:


Regulus regulus




Old World Warblers (Sylviidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Forests, coniferous, Parks and gardens

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

White to buff with brown speckles.

Number of Eggs:

6 - 8

Incubation Days:

15 - 19

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Lichen, moss, and cobwebs.

Nest Location:

Suspended near the end of a conifer branch.


Most do not migrate


Goldcrest: Tiny, round bird with dull olive-green upperparts and buff to white underparts. Crown has black edges and a bright yellow to orange central stripe, which shows more orange when raised in display. Wings have two white wingbars. Bill is black, legs and feet are brown. Sexes are similar except female has more yellow crown patch. Juvenile lacks the orange or yellow crest.

Range and Habitat

Goldcrest: Resident throughout the UK and Ireland. Birds from Scandinavia may spend the winter on Britain's east coast. Found primarily in coniferous woodlands, also visits parks and gardens. Breeds from Scandinavia to northern Spain, and east to Asia. Northern birds migrate south for the winter.

Breeding and Nesting

Goldcrest: Six to eight white to buff eggs with brown specks are laid in a nest suspended towards the end of a conifer branch. Both parents build nest from lichen, moss, cobwebs. Eggs are incubated by the female for 15 to 19 days and fledge in 18 to 20 days, they are dependant for another 14 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Goldcrest: Feeds primarily on spiders and insects. Forages among the leaves and branches of pine trees, sometimes hovers beneath the leaves as it searches for food. Small seeds are sometimes taken.

Readily Eats

Peanuts, Sunflower Seed, Commercial Mixed Bird Seed, Niger


Goldcrest: Call is a high-pitched "tsee-tsee-tsee," song is a "tweedly tweedleedee."

Similar Species

Goldcrest: Firecrest has bold white supercilium, black stripe through eye, and clear white crescents below the eye. It also has whiter underparts and greener upperparts.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX