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Bird name:

Great Tit

Parus major

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice (Paridae)

BTO 2

GT

BTO 5

GRETI

Euring 5

14640
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Great Tit is resident in much of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Great Tit: Largest member of the tit family. Head is black with white cheeks. Black stripe runs down the centre of the yellow breast and belly. Back is yellow-green, rump and tail are grey-blue, outer tail feathers are white. Blue-grey wings have single white wingbar. Black bill, grey legs and feet.


Range and Habitat

Great Tit: Resident throughout most of Britain and Ireland. More common in central and southern England. In Scotland, birds in highland areas move to lowlands in the winter. Found in deciduous woodlands, conifer plantations, hedgerows, farmland, gardens and parks. Breeds across Europe and Asia.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chink", "ping", "cha-cha-cha", "teacher-teacher"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Great Tit is the largest European tit. A 2007 study found they can reduce caterpillar damage in apple orchards by 50%.
  • In 2009 they were found to be killing and eating bats in a cave in Hungary. Scarcity of food may have led to this unusual behaviour.
  • In areas with low frequency noise pollution, their song has a higher frequency than in areas that are quieter.
  • A group of tits are collectively known as a "banditry" and "dissimulation" of tits.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX