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Bird name:

Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Finches (Fringillidae)

BTO 2

GO

BTO 5

GOLDF

Euring 5

16530
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Goldfinch is resident in the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Green" status because of its large, stable population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Goldfinch: Small finch with brightly coloured head. Crown and lores are black, cheeks are white, and the forehead and chin are red. Body is light brown, wings are black with a bold yellow patch. Rump and belly are white. White-tipped black tail, pink to grey bill, legs and feet are light brown.


Range and Habitat

Goldfinch: Resident in most of the UK and Ireland, absent from moorlands and mountains. During the winter, some migrate to Belgium, Spain and France, while birds from northern Europe may arrive on the east coast as passage migrants. Frequents parks, orchards, gardens, farmland and woodland edges.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"litt", "ti-litt", "ti-litt"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Goldfinch, in Christian Symbolism, is associated with the Passion and Christ's Crown of Thorns, due to its diet of thistle seeds. Raphael's Madonna of the Goldfinch is one example.
  • In medieval times, some people used it as a charm to ward off the plague.
  • Vivaldi's Concerto in D-major for Flute imitates the singing of a goldfinch in "Il Gardellino".
  • A group of goldfinches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "rush", "treasury", and "vein" of goldfinches.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX