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Bird name:

Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

BTO 2

GK

BTO 5

GRESH

Euring 5

05480
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Green Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


In the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland, the Greenshank breeds in northern Scotland, and migrates through and winters in coastal areas. It has an "Amber" status because of recent declines in its small breeding population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Greenshank: Fairly large shorebird mottled grey brown and black on upper back and wings, and white below with black streaks on head and neck, and black spots on breast. Mostly white tail and white eye ring, rump, and lower back. Slightly upturned bill grey with black tip. Green-yellow legs.


Range and Habitat

Greenshank: Migrant breeder and winter visitor. Visible year round. Summer breeding occurs in northern Scotland and the Western Isles. On passage seen along coasts of England, Scotland, and Wales. Winter grounds are found primarily in Cornwall and coastal Ireland. Prefers freshwater wetlands and lakes.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chew-chew-chew", "kiyu kiyu kiyu", "toohoo toohoo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Greenshanks are among the few waders to eat mainly fish, which makes up one quarter of their diet.
  • They are the largest shanks, other than the Willet, which is much more robustly built.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "cluster", "contradiction", "fling", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

RELATED BIRDS

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FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX