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Bird name:


Carduelis cannabina




Finches (Fringillidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Open landscapes, Hedgerows, Gardens, Heathland

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Pale blue eggs with purple and brown spots.

Number of Eggs:

4 - 6

Incubation Days:

11 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Cup nest made with grasses, twigs, and bramble.

Nest Location:

Evergreen shrubs or bramble.


Some migrate


Linnet: Small finch, upperparts are chestnut-brown and underparts are white with buff-brown flanks. Head is grey, throat is buff-white with grey streaks, forehead and sides of breast are red. Flight feathers have white edges. Bill is grey, legs and feet are pink-brown. Female lacks the red and shows more streaks. Juvenile is paler than the female and shows darker streaks.

Range and Habitat

Linnet: Resident in the UK and Ireland except for highland areas. Some birds migrate to France and Spain while birds from northern Europe arrive for the winter. Nests in scrub, bushes, hedgerows, gardens and gorse-covered commons. Also found in coastal marshes, stubble fields, heaths and farmland.

Breeding and Nesting

Linnet: Four to six pale blue eggs with purple and brown spots are laid in a cup-shaped nest built by the female of grasses, twigs and moss. Eggs are incubated by the female for 11 to 14 days. Both parents feed the chicks who fledge at 11 to 16 days. Two to three clutches may be laid each season.

Foraging and Feeding

Linnet: Feeds primarily on seeds, especially chickweed, dandelion, and buttercup. In the summer it takes insects as well, but not in large numbers. In the winter it forms large flocks, sometimes mixed with other seedeaters, and feeds in open and stubble fields, wasteland, and coastal marshes.

Readily Eats

Commercial Mixed Bird Seed


Linnet: Flight call is a quick "chi-chi-chi" and song is a mix of warbling notes and short wheezy syllables.

Similar Species

Linnet: Twite has a longer tail and has a warm buff throat and face. Common Redpoll has a small black bib, a red-pink breast and forehead, and is smaller and plumper.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX