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Bird name:


Serinus serinus




Finches (Fringillidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Orchards, Parks and gardens, Woodlands

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Blue with purple specks.

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Grass, moss and lichens bound by cobwebs.

Nest Location:

In a bush or tree.




Serin: Small, active finch. Forehead, throat, breast, and rump are bright yellow; crown and cheeks are brown. Upperparts are streaked green and brown, underparts are white with brown streaks on the breast and flanks. Brown wings have yellow wing bars. Bill is grey to pink, legs and feet are pink. Female is more dull and brown, with less streaking and yellow on her rump. Juvenile is similar to the female but lacks yellow rump and is more brown overall.

Range and Habitat

Serin: Rare spring and fall migrant, usually seen in eastern or southern England. Breeds from the south of Sweden to North Africa and east to Israel and Russia. Northern birds migrate south for the winter, coastal birds are mostly resident. Prefers open woodland and farmland, parks and orchards.

Breeding and Nesting

Serin: Three to five pale blue eggs with purple specks are laid in a nest of grass, moss, and lichens bound by cobwebs. Female incubates eggs for 12 to 14 days; chicks fledge at 14 to 16 days and continue to be fed by both parents for another 6 to 7 days. Two clutches are normally laid each season.

Foraging and Feeding

Serin: Forages mostly on the ground and in trees, feeding primarily on seeds, such as dandelion, birch, grass seeds, and knotgrass. In the spring feeds on the young buds of trees and bushes. Takes invertebrates such as caterpillars, beetles, spiders and aphids during breeding season.


Serin: Liquid and metallic collection of notes. Call is a high-pitched "tirrillilit," or "titteree;" also "tirrup," "tsooee" or "tsswee."

Similar Species

Serin: Siskin has prominent yellow wingbars with black borders, a more deeply notched tail, and a longer bill.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX