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Bird name:

Woodcock

Scolopax rusticola

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

BTO 2

WK

BTO 5

WOODC

Euring 5

05290
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Woodcock is a resident in much of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has a "Red" status because of recent, sharp declines in its population.

SUMMARY

Overview

Woodcock: Medium-sized bird with long bill. Mostly red-brown above with black, grey, and white barring and mottling. Pale yellow-brown below with grey-brown barring. Head pale grey-brown. Dark brown crown with pale brown bars, buff face with thin dark lines in front of eye and on cheek.


Range and Habitat

Woodcock: Resident breeder and winter visitor in the UK & Ireland. Resident birds are found across Ireland and the UK except for southwestern England. Birds can be seen all year, though in winter Russian and Scandinavian birds expand the population. Habitat includes woodland and conifer forest.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"skweee," "schaap"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The early arrival of Woodcocks in autumn was said to mean a good harvest, especially if they stayed until spring.
  • It was thought they flew to the moon during the months they were not seen. The first full moon in November is called the woodcock moon.
  • When threatened, the female can carry chicks between her legs, in her claws or on her back while flying.
  • A group of woodcocks has many collective nouns, including a "cord", "fall", "plump", and "roding" of woodcocks.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX