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Bird name:

Arctic Redpoll

Acanthis hornemanni




Finches (Fringillidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:

Bushes and shrubs, Thickets

Breeding Type:

Monogamous, Solitary nester

Egg Colour:

Green to blue-green with red-brown spots.

Number of Eggs:

4 - 6

Incubation Days:

9 - 12

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Twigs, roots, grass and moss, lined with hair and feathers.

Nest Location:

In middle of low bush or on ground sheltered by rocks or vegetation.


Northern birds migrate


Arctic Redpoll: Small finch, with buff-gray, brown-streaked upperparts and brown-streaked white underparts washed pink. Head has red cap and black chin patch. Wings are black with two white bars. Rump is pale gray or white with few or no streaks. Tail is black and notched. Female lacks pink wash on underparts.

Range and Habitat

Arctic Redpoll: Breeds in tundra birch forests across northern Canada, Greenland, and Eurasia. Some birds migrate short distances south for the winter. Rare winter visitor to UK and Ireland, with the majority of sightings along the eastern English coast. Found in forest clearings, open fields, and near bodies of water.

Breeding and Nesting

Arctic Redpolll: Four to six green to blue green eggs spotted with red brown are laid in a nest made of twigs, grass, and rootlets, lined with soft grass, feathers and hair, and built in the middle of a low bush or on the ground sheltered by rocks or vegetation. Incubation ranges from 9 to 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Arctic Redpoll: Eats seeds and insects; forages on the ground and in bushes and trees.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed, Millet


Arctic Redpoll: Song is a rapid series of "che, che, che" call notes followed by a trill. Call is a plaintive "tweet" or "che".

Similar Species

Arctic Redpoll: Common Redpoll is very similar to the Arctic Redpoll, but lacks white unmarked rump. Breast is more red than than pink.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area on top of the head of the bird.
The area of the face just below the bill.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX