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Bird name:

Black-headed Bunting

Emberiza melanocephala

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Buntings (Emberizidae)

BTO 2

No Data

BTO 5

BLHBU

Euring 5

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Not Assessed

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Black-headed Bunting occurs in the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland as a very rare vagrant with just three records per year on average. It is most likely to occur from May to October. The conservation status for this species is "not assessed" in the UK because it occurs as a very rare migrant, and is not globally threatened.

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-headed Bunting: This bunting species has black head, and yellow throat, semi-collar, and underparts. Rest of upperparts red-brown, conical bill is grey. Medium wings brown-black with two white wing bars, buff edging to other feathers. Medium, forked, brown-grey tail. Female and juvenile like washed out version of adult male.


Range and Habitat

Black-headed Bunting: Breeds in southeastern Europe from Italy and the Balkans east to the Black and Caspian Seas. Occurs south to Turkey, Israel, Iraq, and Iran. Winters in India. Rare vagrant to the UK and Ireland. Found in open areas with scattered vegetation including fields, orchards, and other cultivated areas, open forests, and groves.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"zrit zrit srutt srutt-srutt sutteri-sutt sutterrih", "chiip", "chleep", "zrit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of buntings is collectively known as a "decoration," a "mural," and a "sacrifice" of buntings.
  • Males form "pure flocks" during migration and arrive at their winter habitat much sooner than the females.
  • The longest migration recorded of an individual Black-headed Bunting is about 7,000 km.
  • This species produces a wide variety of vocalisations, particularly when in its breeding grounds. Males in particular are known to vocalise throughout the day during breeding.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX