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Bird name:

Baird's Sandpiper

Calidris bairdii




Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:


Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Pink to olive marked with dark brown.

Number of Eggs:

4, 4

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Material:


Nest Location:

On ground.




Baird's Sandpiper: Medium-sized sandpiper with long wings and short legs; scaled grey-brown upperparts and white underparts except for dark-spotted grey-brown breast. Crown, face and neck are buff with fine, dark brown streaks. Rump is white with dark central stripe extending through the centre of grey-brown tail. When at rest, wings projects beyond the tail. Sexes are similar. Winter adult is greyer and has fewer streaks. Juvenile is similar to breeding adult but with scaled appearance on back highlighted by white-edged feathers.

Range and Habitat

Baird's Sandpiper: Breeds in the Arctic from eastern Siberia and Alaska to northwestern Greenland. Spends winters in South America, migrating mostly through the interior of North America; uncommon on Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Preferred habitats include freshwater marshes, riverbanks, and lakesides; less frequent on coastal and brackish marshes and adjacent grasslands. Rare vagrant to the UK and Ireland.

Breeding and Nesting

Baird's Sandpiper: These sandpipers breed on the tundra. The male builds most of the nest lined with lichen, grass and leaves. The nest is built in a dry depression on the ground, often among rocks. Four dark brown-spotted pink to olive eggs are laid in a small hollow on the dry tundra. Both parents incubate the eggs for 22 days. The young fly in 16 to 20 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Baird's Sandpiper: Their diet consists primarily of insects, spiders, and small crustaceans; they forage by picking food items off of relatively dry substrates such as baked mud, sand or grass. Their style of food capture varies. They mainly peck for food or less frequently probe. Baird's Sandpiper is less inclined to feed in water than other sandpipers.


Baird's Sandpiper: Call is a low, raspy "kreeep."

Similar Species

Baird's Sandpiper: Pectoral Sandpiper has yellow legs and a lighter bill. Temminck's Stint is sparrow-sized and has yellow-brown legs.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX