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Bird name:

Broad-billed Sandpiper

Limicola falcinellus




Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)





Euring 5

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Breeding Location:


Breeding Type:

Monogamous, Solitary nester

Egg Colour:

Grey buff to brown with dark brown markings.

Number of Eggs:

4, 4

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Material:

Grass, leaves.

Nest Location:

In tussocks in bogs.




Broad-billed Sandpiper: Small sandpiper with a long bill that curves down at the tip. Pale-edged dark brown feathers on upperparts give a scaled appearance; back shows two pale streaks in flight; underparts are white with dark spots on breast and neck. Head has dark cap and forked white eyebrows. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is paler and shows only faint spotting on upper breast and neck.

Range and Habitat

Broad-billed Sandpiper: Breeds in Scandinavia and northwest Russia and winters primarily on coastlines of South Asia and Australasia, also found in parts of India and the Arabian peninsula. Habitats used during nonbreeding season range from muddy pond margins and wet meadows to rocky beaches and tidal mudflats. Rare vagrant to the UK and Ireland.

Breeding and Nesting

Broad-billed Sandpiper: Breeding behaviour poorly known. Breeds in wettest portions of bogs in northern Europe. Lays four grey-buff to brown eggs with dark brown markings. Both parents incubate for 21 days, and both parents initially care for chicks, though only the male later.

Foraging and Feeding

Broad-billed Sandpiper: Feeds on mudflats in typical sandpiper fashion by probing vertically into soft mud with its bill, but has noticeably slower and more methodical movements than other small sandpipers. Eats a wide variety of small aquatic invertebrates.


Broad-billed Sandpiper: High-pitched calls. Song is a series of rolling trills.

Similar Species

Broad-billed Sandpiper: All other species in range lack the diagnostic double supercilium and the decurved bill tip., Broad-billed Sandpiper: All other species in range lack the diagnostic double supercilium and the decurved bill tip.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
The area on top of the head of the bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX