Visual Search | Wizard | Browse
Bird name:


Anas penelope




Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)





Euring 5

iBird Ad

Breeding Location:

Lakes, Tundra, Rivers, Lakes, wooded shores, Woodlands

Breeding Type:


Egg Colour:

Smooth and creamy

Number of Eggs:

8 - 9

Incubation Days:

24 - 25

Egg Incubator:


Nest Material:

Hollow lined with vegetation and down.

Nest Location:

On the ground, hidden in vegetation.


Most migrate


Wigeon: Duck with rather short, pale grey bill with black tip. Chestnut-brown head, black around eye, and brown-yellow front and crown. Breast pink-brown, back and flanks grey. White belly, black vent and tail. Grey wings have dark green-black patch in secondaries and white shoulders. Adult female has grey-brown head, tawny breast, and red-brown flanks. Back grey-brown with pale brown edging. White belly, black and white vent. Wings brown-grey with some white edging. Juvenile like female but more red-brown above. Eclipse male mostly red-brown.

Range and Habitat

Wigeon: Summer breeder and winter visitor in the UK & Ireland. Breeding birds can be found in upland areas in England and Scotland. In winter they are found across the UK and Ireland in lowland areas. Winter visitors come from Russia and Scandinavia. Likely to be seen on marshes and estuaries.

Breeding and Nesting

Wigeon: Monogamous seasonal pair bonds, nesting as solitary pairs or in small groups. Down-lined nest is well hidden on the ground amongst heather or bracken. Female incubates up to nine eggs for about 24 days and tends to the newly hatched young. Ducklings fledge after about 40 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Wigeon: this dabbling duck is primarily vegetarian, feeding on leaves, stems, shoots, seeds, rhizomes, and roots of aquatic plants. Eats grasses from agricultural land. Tips downward from the water's surface, grazes; rarely dives.


Wigeon: Call is a wild, musical whistle, "whee-oo," and a short "chreep" note.

Similar Species

Wigeon: Mallard has a green head, yellow bill, and brown breast. Pintail has a white neck, long tail, and lacks the Wigeon's yellow forehead.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX