Visual Search | Wizard | Browse
Bird name:


Calidris canutus




Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)





Euring 5

iBird Ad


Knot Head Illustration
  • Bill Shape: Dagger
  • Eye Colour: Dark brown.
  • Head Pattern: Streaked
  • Crown Colour: Grey and brown streaked.
  • Forehead Colour: Grey, rufous, and brown.
  • Nape Colour: Grey and brown streaked.
  • Throat Colour: Rust-brown to orange-red.
  • Cere colour: No Data


Knot Body Illustration
  • Length Range: 23-25 cm (9.1-9.9 in)
  • Weight: 140 g (4.942 oz)
  • Size: Medium (23 - 41 cm)
  • Colour Primary: Brown, Rufous or Rust, Grey
  • Underparts: Rust-brown breast, belly and flanks; white vent.
  • Upperparts: Grey, brown and black mottled.
  • Back Pattern: Mottled
  • Belly Pattern: Solid
  • Breast Pattern: Solid


Knot Flight Illustration
  • Flight Pattern: Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats. Flies in V or straight line formation.
  • Wingspan Range: 58-60 cm (22.8-23.6 in)
  • Wing Shape: Pointed-Wings
  • Tail Shape: Squared Tail
  • Tail Pattern: Solid
  • Upper Tail: Grey
  • Under Tail: White
  • Leg Colour: Dark grey
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.


The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX