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Bird name:

Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

BTO 2

TT

BTO 5

TURNS

Euring 5

05610
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Amber Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Turnstone is a wintering species in most coastal areas of the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It has an "Amber" status because of recent population declines.

SUMMARY

Overview

Turnstone: Stocky wader with short, orange legs and short, sharp, black bill. Black and white head, white underparts with black semi-collar on neck and black breast band. Back orange-brown with black stripes. Wings orange-brown, black, and dark grey with white wing stripe. Black and white tail.


Range and Habitat

Turnstone: Migrant and winter visitor to the UK and Ireland. Birds can be seen year round, as some pass through, while others winter, and non-breeding birds may stay the summer. Can be found at most UK coastlines. Birds prefer coastal shorelines whether sandy, rocky or muddy.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"tuk-tuk-tuk-tuk", "kek-kek-kek"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Turnstone was first described in 1758 by Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist.
  • As part of courtship, males make nest-like scrapes in the ground within their territory, often close to the final site selected by the female.
  • As their name suggests, they often forage by turning over stones and other objects.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "cluster", "contradiction", "fling", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX