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Bird name:

Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

BTO 2

BW

BTO 5

BLTGO

Euring 5

05320
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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

UK Conservation Status


Red Status

European Conservation Status


Conservation Description


The Black-tailed Godwit is a local breeder and migrant in the UK, Isle of Man, and Ireland. It occurs in wetlands and has a "Red" status because of sharp population declines in the UK and Europe.

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-tailed Godwit: Large shorebird with long legs, and a very long, straight bill that is orange with a black tip. Neck and breast are deep orange with black barring on the breast and white belly. Upperparts are light gray with orange, black, and white, and in flight, wings show black and white.


Range and Habitat

Black-tailed Godwit: Rare summer breeder in the UK, primarily in East Anglia and Shetland. During winter approximately 44,000 visitors from Iceland can be seen along the coasts of the UK and Ireland. This bird is mostly seen wading along mudflats.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"vi vi vi"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • In 2006 the Black-tailed Godwit was classified as a Near Threatened species by BirdLife International. The species had suffered a decline of around 25% in the previous 15 years.
  • While these birds are present in Ireland and Great Britain year-round, they are not the exact same birds; the breeding birds depart in the fall, and are replaced in winter by the larger Icelandic race, L. l. islandica.
  • They are monogamous and establish life-long relationships which can last up to 25 years, despite, or perhaps aided by the fact that the winters are spent around 600 miles apart.
  • A group of godwits has many collective nouns, including an "omniscience", a "pantheon", and a "prayer" of godwits.

RELATED BIRDS

RANGE MAP


FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
4 and 6 letter alpha codesX

The four letter common name alpha code is is derived from the first two letters of the common first name and the first two letters of common last name. The six letter species name alpha code is derived from the first three letters of the scientific name (genus) and the first three letters of the scientific name (species). See (1) below for the rules used to create the codes..

Four-letter (for English common names) and six-letter (for scientific names) species alpha codes were developed by Pyle and DeSante (2003, North American Bird-Bander 28:64-79) to reflect A.O.U. taxonomy and nomenclature (A.O.U. 1998) as modified by Supplements 42 (Auk 117:847-858, 2000) and 43 (Auk 119:897-906, 2002). The list has been updated by Pyle and DeSante to reflect changes reported by the A.O.U from 2003 through 2006.

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ITIS CodesX

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was established in the mid-1990 s as a cooperative project among several federal agencies to improve and expand upon taxonomic data (known as the NODC Taxonomic Code) maintained by the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

To find the ITIS page for a bird species go to the ITIS web site advanced search and report page at http://www.itis.gov/advanced_search.html. You can enter the TSN or the common name of the bird. It will return the ITIS page for that bird. Another way to obtain the ITIS page is to use the Google search engine. Enter the string ITIS followed by the taxonomic ID, for example "ITIS 178041" will return the page for the Allen's Hummingbird.

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Parts of a Standing birdX
Head Feathers and MarkingsX
Parts of a Flying birdX